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Wildlife in Nepal

Chitwan National Park, Bardia National Park, Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve along with 11 other national parks & wildlife reserves/hunting reserves in Nepal are rich in different kind of flora and wildlife, birds, such as the rare great one horned rhinoceros, several species of deer, bear, leopard, dolphin, crocodile, birds, tiger etc., living in this park in their natural habitat. The parks are very popular for Elephant Safari, dugout canoeing, nature walk, bird watching, jungle excursion, village visit of local tribes called Tharu and etc. Our program during your stay at National Parks, has been designed in such a way so as to make your stay enjoyable but exciting at the same time. However, viewing of wildlife.

Chitwan National Park:

Chitwan National park situated 120 km south-west of capital city Kathmandu, which is known as the first and most famous national park in Nepal. Chitwan National Park is in the inner terai of central Nepal and is the best protected area in the kingdom. It covers an area of 932 sq. km and includes hilly areas of Siwalik range covered by saal forest. This ecologically diverse area is the last remaining home for over 600 of the endangered Asian one horned Rhinoceros and the Largest population of the elusive and rare Royal Bengal Tiger. Besides there, there are leopard, sloth bear, spotted Dear, wild dogs, wild boar, rhesus monkey, white stockinged Gaur, Grey Langur monkey, small wild Cats and many small animals. It is also full of a great variety of flora and fauna.The swampy areas and numerous lakes of chitwan are home for marsh crocodiles and in a stretch of the Narayani river is found one of the few remaining populations of the rare and the endangered Gharial. Also four species of water Dolphins are found here. It is a paradise for the birdwatches also. Several species of woodpeckers, Bengal florican, hornbills, red headed Trogons and the  winter birds such as inatails, Bar headed Geese, Water Fowl and Brahminy Ducks among many other cold weather visitors are drawn here by the sanctuary of the rivers. During the summer months, the forest is full of nesting migrants, such as the Indian Pitta, the paradise flycatchers and Parakeets. The park offers more than 450 species of birds.

there are many package Trips are available for the Chiwatn Safari, such as..

01 Night/0 2 Days Package :

Day 01 : Arrival in Chitwan, Transfer to Hotel, Welcome drinks, Lunch, and  Elephant Back Safari, evening walk ,Dinner and Tharu Cultural show. Overnight at hotel

Day 02:  Wake up Call, visit  to Government Elephant Breeding Centre tour, break fast and departure.

02 Nights/03 Days Package :

Day 01 : Arrival in Chitwan, Transfer to Hotel, Welcome drinks, Lunch, and Tharu Village visit, Visit to Government Elephant Breeding centre and sun set tour,  Tharu Cultural Dance show, Dinner. Overnight hotel

Day 02: Wake up call, breakfast, Canoe ride on the Rapti river followed by  Bird watching , Jungle walk,  Lunch, and Elephant Back Safari or Jungle Drive, evening walk, dinner. Overnight hotel

Day 03 : free and easy morning, sit on the Rapti River Bank, break fast and departure.

03 Nights/04 Days Package :

Day 01 : Arrival in Chitwan, Transfer to Hotel, Welcome drinks, Lunch, and Tharu Village visit, Visit to Government Elephant Breeding centre and sun set tour,  Tharu Cultural Dance show, Dinner. Overnight hotel

Day 02: Wake up call,  breakfast, Canoe ride on the Rapti River followed by bird watching , Jungle walk, Lunch and Jungle Drive, evening tour, Dinner. Overnight at hotel

Day 03 : Wake up Call, Breakfast, walking in and around the river bank,  Lunch, elephant back safari, explor the tripicle life style of tharu community , dinner. Overnight at  hotel

Day 04 : Free and easy morning, break fast and departure.

04 Nights/05 Days Package :

Day 01: Arrival in Chitwan, Transfer to Hotel, Welcome drinks, Lunch, and Tharu Village visit, Museum and sun set tour, Dinner. Overnight hotel

Day 02 : Wake up call,  breakfast, Canoeing, Jungle walk, Lunch and Jungle Drive, evening tour, Dinner, Tharu Cultural Show. Overnight hotel

Day 03 : Wake up Call, Break fast, visit with our expert Nature guide to twenty thousands lake, bird watching, lunch, jungle walk, evening tour and dinner. Overnight hotel

Day 04 : Wake up Call, Breakfast, Visit Elephant Breeding Center, Lunch, elephant back safari, evening walk, dinner. Overnight hotel

Day 05 : Wake up Call, visit bird watching tour, break fast and departure.

05 Nights/06 Days Package :

Day 01: Arrival in Chitwan, Transfer to Hotel, Reception, Welcome drinks, Lunch, and Tharu Village visit, Museum and sun set tour, Dinner.

Day 02 : Wake up call,  breakfast, Canoeing, Jungle walk, Lunch, and again Jungle walk, pony trek to Churiya hill, Inside the park, Dinner.

Day 03 : Wake up Call, Visit Elephant breeding Center, Lunch and Jungle Drive, evening tour, Dinner, Tharu Cultural Show.

Day 04: Wake up Call, Break fast, visit with our expert Nature guide to twenty thousands lake, bird watching, lunch, jungle walk, evening tour and dinner.

Day 05: Wake up Call, breakfast, Canoeing, visit : buffer zone jungle site, lunch, elephant back safari, evening walk, dinner.

Day 06: : Wake up Call, visit bird watching tour, break fast and departure.


* Note :  Schedules and Timings are subject to change as per weather/ season.

Bardia National Park:

Covering an area of 968 sq. km, Bardia National Park is situated in the mid-Far Western Terai, east of the Karnali River. Originally set aside in 1968 as a Hunting Reserve, the area was gazetted in 1967 as Karnali Wildlife Reserve with an area of 368 sq. km. It was renamed as Bardia Wildlife Reserve in 1982 and extended to include the Babai River valley in 1984. National Park status was gazetted in 1988. The main objectives of the park are to conserve a representative ecosystem of the mid-Western Terai, particularly the tiger ad its prey species.

Details About the Park:

  • Bardia National Park is the largest and most undisturbed wilderness area in the Terai, providing excellent habitat for the following endangered species:

  • ENDANGERED ANIMALS : Rhinoceros , Wild elephant , Tiger , Swamp deer , Black buck , Gharial crocodile , Marsh mugger crocodile , Gangetic dolphin.

  • ENDANGERED BIRDS : Bengal florican , Sliver-eared mesia , Sarus crane , Lesser florican.

  • More than 30 different mammals, over 250 species of birds and many snakes, lizards and fish have been recorded in the park's forests, grasslands and river habitats. The more commonly seen are:

  • MAMMALS: Langur monkey, Rhesus monkey, Common leopard, Jungle cat, Fishing cat, Large and small Indian civets, Palm civet, Hyena, Wild dog, Jackal, Sloth bear, Otter, Porcupine, Bandicoots, Blue bull (Nilgi), Sambar deer, Hog deer, Barking deer and Wild boar.

  • BIRDS : Flycatchers , Babblers , Sunbirds, Drongols (7 species), Eurasian thicknee ruddy , Shelduck, Warblers, Bulbuls (5 species), Woodpeckers ( 10 species), Barbets (4 species), Bee-eaters (4 species), Kingfishers (4 species), Parakeets (4 species), Doves (5 species), Pigeons (3 species), Red-wattled lapwing, Common peafowl, Red jungle fowl , Merganser duck, Black-necked stork, White-necked stork, Painted stork, Egrets (4 species), Herons (5 species) and Cormorants.

  • The Geruwa, a branch of the Karnali River, forms the park's western boundary, while the crest of the Churia range (Siwalik Hills) demarcates the northern limits. Along the southern edge a forest road forms the boundary, in the east it is formed by the Nepalgunj-Surkhet road. Part of the very scenic Babair River valley is included within the park. The approximately 1500 people who lived in this valley have been resettled else where in Bardia District. Since agriculture increased in the Babai valley, the regeneration of natural vegetation is increasing rapidly, making it an area of prime habitat for wildlife.

  • About 70% of the park is covered dominantly with sal (Shorea robusta) forest with the balance of mixture of grassland, savanna and riverine forest. The altitudes vary from 152 meters on the Terai to 1441 meters at Sukarmala on the crest of the Churia range

Packages Tour for Bardia National Park, 

  • 02 Nights/03 Days
  • 03 Nights/04 Days
  • 04 Nights/05 Days
  • 05 Nights/06 Days & More...

Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve

    The  Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve is situated in the southern part of Far-West Nepal in Kanchanpur District. The reserve lies between 80o 25' east longitude and 28o 35' north latitude.

    The reserve had been a famous hunting area for many years and was declared a Hunting Reserve in 1969. The reserve was gazetted in 1973 as Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve. It began as an area of 155 sq. km, today the reserve covers an area of 305 sq. m after completion of an extension.

    The riverine flood plain of the reserve comprises of hill wash and alluvial deposits. Sal (Shorea robusta) is the dominant tree species. Extensive grasslands (locally called phanta) provide an ideal habitat for swamp deer (Cervus duvauceli). The species is endangered and there is a population of about 2000 in the reserve.

    Seasons:

    • The reserve has typically four seasons, winter, spring, summer and monsoon. The months of December and January are fairly cold and misty with occasional frost. Temperatures during the winter range from 10 to 12 C, gradually rising up to 22 to 25 C in February and March. In the pre-monsoon period (April-June) the temperatures range form 30 to 32 C and sometimes reaching as high as 42 C with increasing humidity.

    Vegetation and Wild Animals:

    • Predominant sal (Shorea robusta) forest is associated with asna (Terminalia alata), semal (Bombaxceiba), and karma (Adina Cordifolia). Khair, (Acacia catechu) and sissoo (Dolbergia sisso) forest is found along the river side. The main grass species of the phantas are Imperata cylindrica and Saccharum heteropogon which are extensively used by the local people for thatching.
    • The reserve provides prime habitat for swamp deer (Cervus duvauceli). An estimated population of 2000 is found in the reserve. Other wild animals in the reserve are wild elephant (Elephas maximus), tiger (Panthera tigris), hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus), blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus), leopard (Panthera pardus), chital (Zxis axis), hog deer (Zxis porcinus) and wild boar (Sus scrofa).
    • A total 268 species of birds has been recorded in the reserve. Many grassland birds along with the rare Bengal florican can be seen in the phantas. Marsh mugger crocodile, Indian python, monitor lizard and snakes like cobra, krait and rat snake have been recorded in the reserve.

    Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve:

      Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies on the flood plain of the Sapta-Koshi in Saptri and Sunsari Districts of eastern Nepal. The area is defined by the eastern and western embankments of the river.

      Koshi Tappu Reserve, gazetted in 1976, was established mainly to preserve habitat for the remaining population of wild buffalo in Nepal.

      Details About the Reserve:

      • Koshi Tappu is a rectangular shaped reserve, approximately 10 km wide and 10 km long, stretching northward from the Nepal/India border along the Sapta Koshi River. The Sapta Koshi is one of the three main tributaries of the Ganges.
      • Because of its destructiveness during monsoon floods and attempt has been made to control the waters by constructing 7-10 m high embankments parallel to the river. These prevent lateral spread of the enormous monsoon flow. Control gates at the Koshi Barrage on the border with India act as a dam and also contain the river.
      • Rapid and complete inundation of the reserve to depths ranging from 10 to 300 cm occurs during the monsoon. The river also changes its main course from one season to another.
      • The vegetation is mainly tall khar-pater grassland with a few pater grassland with a few patches of khair-sissoo (Acacia catechu-Dalbergia sissoo) scrub forest and deciduous mixed riverine forest.
      • The reserve offers important habitat for a variety of wildlife. The last surviving population (about 100 individuals) of wild buffalo or arna (Bubalus arnee arnee) are found here. They are distinguished from domestic animals by their much bigger horns. Other mammals occurring here are hog deer, wild boar, spotted deer and blue bull.
      • The reserve also assists the local economy by providing fishing permits and allowing the collection of edible fruits and ferns in season.
      • A total of 280 different species of birds have been recorded in the reserve. These include twenty species of ducks, two species of ibises, many storks, egrets, herons and the endangered swamp partridge and Bengal florican. The Koshi Barrage is extremely important as a resting place for migratory birds and many species recorded there are not seen elsewhere in Nepal.
      • The endangered Gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin have been recorded in the Koshi river.
      • Local villagers are permitted to collect grasses from within the reserve in January each year. These are used for thatching roofs and building house walls. Because of intensive agriculture the grasses can no longer be found outside the reserve. An estimated us $250.00 worth thatch grass was removed during January 1987.

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